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Buildings and Purpose
 

Buildings and Purpose

Bedford Prison
Bedford Gaol

This section contains information on gaols in Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire; their design and how this reflected 19th century ideas about punishment and reform. It also includes reports made to the quarter sessions on the way the prisons were working.

The prison buildings of the 19th century were built to meet the requirements of separation, silence, hard labour and moral guidance. They usually included a treadmill, cells for solitary confinement and a chapel.

Buildings Picture Gallery

An Overview of Prison Design
  • Changes in the 19th CenturyChanges in the 19th Century The early and mid 19th century, saw a spate of prison building to cope with the increasing numbers...
  • Panopticon - MillbankPanopticon - Millbank Millbank was built to reflect the design of Jeremy Bentham's 'Panopticon'. It cost £500,000...
  • Separation - PentonvilleSeparation - Pentonville Pentonville was built in 1842 in North London. Its design was influenced by the 'separate system'.

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Bedford County Gaol

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Bedford New House of Correction

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Bedford Bridewell

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Bedford Town Gaol

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Cambridge County Gaol

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Ely Gaol

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Huntingdon County Gaol