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Victorian Crime and Punishment
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Glossary

  • J.P.:
    Justice of the Peace, otherwise known as a magistrate; these local justices were responsible for both administration and maintaining the law at county level until the Local Government Acts of 1888 and 1894 took away most of their administrative functions. For much of the nineteenth century they were dominated by the gentry and Anglican clergy. Property qualifications for Justices of the Peace were removed in 1906 and in 1918 women were admitted.
  • Juvenile prisons:
    Parkhurst juvenile prison established in 1838 to house more serious juvenile offenders prior to transportation. It declined in importance after reformatories (and later Industrial Schools) established in 1850s. The model for reformatory schools for juveniles was Redhill, run by the Royal Philanthropic Society.
  • Juvenile prisons:
    Parkhurst juvenile prison established in 1838 to house more serious juvenile offenders prior to transportation. It declined in importance after reformatories (and later Industrial Schools) established in 1850s. The model for reformatory schools for juveniles was Redhill, run by the Royal Philanthropic Society.